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PakAgriFarming

Monday, September 10, 2012

List of Crops of Pakistan and their Agronomic Use

Posted by Unknown On Monday, September 10, 2012

The following table presents list of common crops of Pakistan, along with their botanical names, agronomic use and sowing season.




Sr. no.
Vernacular name
Botanical name
Family
Agronomic use
Sowing season
A.      CEREAL CROPS
1.
Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat
Triticum aestivum
Poaceae
Cereals
Rabi
2.
Juo / Barley
Hordeum vulgare
Poaceae
Cereals/ Fodder
Rabi
3.
Dhaan / Rice / Paddy
Oryza sativa
Poaceae
Cereals
Kharif
4.
Makkai / Corn / Maize
Zea mays
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
5.
Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum
Sorghum bicolor
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder
Kharif (Grain purpose)
Rabi (Fodder purpose)
6.
Bajra / Pearl Millet
Pennisetum typhoides
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder
Kharif
B.      FOOD LEGUMES
1.
Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram
Cicer arietinum
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
2.
Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram
Cicer arietinum
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
3.
Field pea
Pisum sativum
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
4.
Masur / Lentil
Lens culnaris
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
5.
Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram
Vigna radiata
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
6.
Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram
Vigna mungo
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
7.
Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar
Cajanus cajan
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
8.
Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea
Vigna unguiculata
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
9.
Rawan / Cowpea
Vigna unguiculata
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
C.      OILSEED CROPS
1.
Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed
Brassica campestris
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
2.
Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed
Brassica napus
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
3.
Raya / Indian Mustard
Brassica juncea
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
4.
Taramera / Mustard
Eruca sativa
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
5.
Canola / Rapeseed
Brassica napus
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
6.
Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts
Arachis hypogea
Fabaceae
Oilseeds
Kharif
7.
Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower
Helianthus annus
Compositae
Oilseeds
Rabi
8.
Makkai / Corn / Maize
Zea mays
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
9.
Zeatoon / Olive
Olera europeae
Oleaceae
Oilseeds

10.
Kala Til / Niger
Guizotia abyssinica
Compositae
Oilseeds
Kharif
11.
Sufaid Til / Sesame
Sesamum indicum
Pedaliacea
Oilseeds
Kharif
12.
Alsi / Linseed
Linum ustitatissimum
Linaceae
Oilseeds
Rabi
13.
Guar / Cluster bean
Cyamopsis tetragonolba
Fabaceae
Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
14.
Kappas / Cotton
Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum
Malvaceae
Oilseeds  / Fiber
Kharif
D.      FIBER CROPS
1.
Kappas / Cotton
Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum
Malvaceae
Oilseeds  / Fiber
Kharif
2.
Patsun / Jute
Corchorus capsularis / C. olitorius
Tilliaceae
Fibre
Kharif
E.       SUGAR CROPS
1.
Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane
Saccharum officinarum
Poaceae
Sugar
Perennial
2.
Chuqandar / Sugarbeet
Beta vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Sugar
Rabi
F.       FORAGE CROPS
1.
Berseem / Egyptian Clover
Trifolium alexanderinum
Fabaceae
Fodder / Green Manure
Rabi
2.
Shaftal / Persian Clover
Trifolium resupinatum
Fabaceae
Fodder
Rabi
3.
Lucern / Alfalfa
Medicago sativa
Fabaceae
Fodder
Rabi
4.
Guar / Cluster bean
Cyamopsis tetragonolba
Fabaceae
Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
5.
Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum
Sorghum bicolor
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder
Kharif (Grain purpose)
Rabi (Fodder purpose)
6.
Jai / Oat
Avena sativa
Poaceae
Fodder / Cereals
Rabi
7.
Makkai / Corn / Maize
Zea mays
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
8.
Juo / Barley
Hordeum vulgare
Poaceae
Cereals/ Fodder
Rabi
9.
Kangani


Fodder

10.
Haloon


Fodder

11.
Cheena


Fodder

12.
Jantar


Fodder

13.
Mott. Grass


Fodder