• RSS
  • Google Plus
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Linkedin
  • Pakistan Agriculture and Farming Cover

    Welcome to PakAgriFarming

    PakAgriFarming is commited to high standards in extension of agriculture in Pakistan through simple and factual information and topics related to the hottest issues in Pakistan Agriculture.

  • Approved cotton varieties for Punjab 2014

    کپاس کی کاشت کے لیے موزوں اقسام

    پنجاب میں کپاس کی کاشت کا آغاز ہو نے والا ہے اور پیشتر علاقوں میں میں رنیع کی فصل کی برداشت کا وقت قرہب ہے۔ اس لیے بروقت کپاس کے بیج کا انتخاب اچھی پیداوار حاصل کرنے کی طرف پہلا قدم ہے۔۔۔

  • Introduction, characteristics and objectives of tillage

    Intoduction and Objectives of Tillage

    Tillage is the primary requirement before any cropping activity. Perhaps, if one is ignorant about tillage, he knows nothing about farming. So, let's look into a brief intro...

  • The Next 10 Years of Tunnel Farming in Pakistan

    The Next 10 Years of Tunnel Farming in Pakistan

    It's been 10 years since the introduction of tunnel farming in Pakistan, the conversion rate has been slow but are there any chance of rapid growth of tunnel farming in Pakistan? Let's disover...

  • Wheat Production Technology for Rainfed Areas of Punjab for 2013-14

    Wheat Production Technology for Rainfed Areas of Punjab for 2013-14

    Wheat is the most important cereal crop in Pakistan and staple food. Wheat has a large share of cultivated land in rabi season and hence large production is expected...

PakAgriFarming

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

ٹماٹر کی پیداواری ٹیکنالوجی 14-2013

Posted by Unknown On Wednesday, November 20, 2013

ٹماٹر پاکستان میں انتہائی مقبول سبزی کی حیثیت رکھتا ہے۔  اس کا زیادہ تر استعمال کھانا پکانے میں ہوتا ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ ٹماٹر کا اہم استعمال کیچپ میں ہوتا ہے۔ اس لیٔے پاکستان میں ٹماٹر کی کاشت کسان کے لیٔے منافع بخش ثابت ہوسکتی ہے۔ اس لیٔے ضروری ہے کہ ٹماٹر کی کاشت جدید پیداواری طریقہ کار سے کی جانی چاہیے۔ ذیل میں 
زرعی ماہرین کی تجاویز پر مبنی پیداواری ٹیکنالوجی دی جا رہے ہے۔

Tomato Production Technology in Pakistan urdu language
زمین کا انتخاب        
ٹماٹر کے لیٔے اچھی نکاسیٔ آب کی حامل زرخیز زمین کو منتخب کیا جائے۔
وقتِ کاشت  
جولائی تا ستمبر
پنجاب
جولائی تا اکتوبر
سندھ
ستمبر، اکتوبر یا اپریل
بلوچستان
جون تا اگست
خیبر پختونخواہ
نرسری کی تیاری
زمین پر ایک فٹ اونچے، چار فٹ چوڑے اور چھ فٹ لمبے بیڈ بنا لیں۔ اور چوڑائی کے رُخ آدھا انچ گہری لائنیں بنائیں جن کا کا درمیانی فاصلہ کم سے کم ۲ انچ تک ہو۔ اس مقصد کے لیٔے ڈیڑھ انچ قطر کا سریہ یا چھڑی بھی استعمال کی جا سکتی ہے۔
بعد ازاں بیج کو ان لائینوں کے درمیان اس طرح ڈالیں کہ بیج ایک دوسرے کے اوپر نہ آئیں۔ پھربیجوں کو مٹی سے ڈھانپ دیں اور مناسب مقدار میں پانی لگا دیں۔
نرسری کی منتقلی
تیارشدہ نرسری کی منتقلی سے ۲ دن پہلے نرسری میں پانی دینا بند کر دیں تاکہ پودے سخت جان ہو جائیں۔ اور پھر منتقلی سے تقریباً ۲ یا ۳ گھنٹے پہلے پانی لگائیں تاکہ پودوں کو اُکھاڑنا آسان ہو سکے۔
شرحِ بیج
 گرام فی ایکڑ80  تا60
                                                             فی ایکڑ10,000  سے 8,000 : پودوں کی تعداد
طریقہِ کاشت
فٹ کی پٹڑی5  فٹ سے4.5
دو طرفہ بیجائی کی صورت میں
 فٹ1.5
پودے سے پودے کا فاصلہ
کھادوں کا استعمال    
بوری پوٹاش 2+ بوری ہوریا 1/2+ بوری ڈی اے پی 2
بیجائی کے وقت
آدھی بوری یوریا
پہلی کھاد کے
ہفتے بعد 4-3
ایک نائٹروفاس
دوسری کھاد کے
ہفتے بعد 4-3
نرسری کی منتقلی کے دوران جڑوں کو کسی کمرشل اور قابلِ اعتماد بائیو فرٹیلائزر کے محلول میں ۲۰منٹ کے لیٔے بھگو کر کھیت میں لگانا مفید ہو سکتا ہے۔
بائیو فرٹیلائیزر کا استعمال
فصل اور زمین کی ضرورت کے مطابق مائیکرو نیوٹرینٹ والی کھاد کا استعمال کیا جانا ضروری ہے۔
دیگر مائیکرو نیوٹرینٹ کھادوں کا استعمال
آبپاشی
نرسری کھیت میں منتقل کرتے وقت پانی دینا ضروری ہے اور بعد میں ہفتہ وار پانی لگائیں۔ موسمی صورتِ حال اور فصل کی ضرورت کے مطابق پانی کی مقدار اور وقفے میں تبدیلی لائی جا سکتی ہے۔
ٹماٹر کی بیماریاں اورکیڑے اور انکا تدارک
ٹماٹر کے پودے پر تیلا، سفید مکھی، چور کیڑا اور لیف مائینر کا حملہ ہو سکتا ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ جڑوں کا گلنا اور جراثیمی سوکھنا عام بیماریاں ہیں جن کے تدارک کے لیٔے محکمۂ زراعت کے نمائندے کے مشورے سے ادویات کا استعمال کریں۔
وقتِ برداشت
پھل کی برداشت ضرورت کے مطابق کریں ارو اگر پھل دور لے کر جانا مقصود ہو تو پھل کو سبز حالت میں برداشت 
کرلیں۔

Saturday, October 12, 2013

گندم کی ترقی دادہ اقسام کی علاقہ وار تقسیم اور وقتِ کاشت برائے 14-2013

Posted by Unknown On Saturday, October 12, 2013

گندم پاکستان کی ایک اہم ترین فصل ہے اور پاکستانیوں کی بنیادی غذا کا درجہ رکھتی ہے۔ پاکستان میں گندم وسیع پیمانے پہ کاشت کی جاتی ہے اور ملک کے تقریباً تمام علاقوں میں کاشت کی جاتی ہے۔ اس سلسلے میں پاک ایگریفارمنگ پر پہلے بھی بارانی علاقوں میں گندم کی پیداواری ٹیکنالوجی دی گئی ہے اور 
اب ملک کےچار بڑے صوبوں کے لیٔے گندم کے ترقی دادہ اقسام ذیل میں دی جا رہی ہیں۔
wheat varieties for cultivation in pakistan 2013-14 article in urdu

Monday, October 07, 2013

Introduction to Hybrid Seeds

Posted by Unknown On Monday, October 07, 2013

Hybrid seeds are the F1 off springs of the two distinct parent varieties from the same species.
Introduction to Hybrid Seeds (cover)
Introduction to Hybrid Seeds (cover)

Monday, September 30, 2013

کینولا کی پیداواری ٹیکنالوجی

Posted by Unknown On Monday, September 30, 2013

موجودہ دور میں جہاں دیگر غذائی اجناس کی اہمیت ہے، وہاں پر سرسوں کی پیداوار بھی بہت اہم ہے۔ کیونکہ یہ نہ صرف غذائی  ضروریات پوری کرتا ہے بلکہ خوردنی تیل کا مآخذ بھی ہے۔ حرفِ عام میں اسے 
کینولا کہا جاتا ہے۔ ذیل میں کینولا کی پیداواری ٹیکنالوجی دی جا رہی ہے۔

Production technology of canola 2013-14 in urdu

Thursday, September 26, 2013

Beneficial Uses of Weeds

Posted by Unknown On Thursday, September 26, 2013

Weeds, the plants out of their proper place, have been known to cause many damages andlosses to crops and some are also known to cause health hazards. A number of management strategies for weeds are also adopted. But there are some uses of these weeds. 
Latana camara inflorescence
Latana camara inflorescence 

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Ideal Characteristics of Weeds

Posted by Unknown On Wednesday, September 25, 2013

A weed is defined as a plant of its proper place or where it is not required. A weed has more potential than the crop, compete with the crop, seed formation and distribution is before the seed and fruit production from the crop. 
Cotton field infested with cynodon dactylon and other weeds
Cotton field infested with Cynodon dactylon and other weeds

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Undergraduate Admission in UAF and its Sub-Campuses for 2013-14

Posted by Unknown On Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Undergraduate admission open in University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and sub-campuses Toba Tek Singh, Burewala and Dera Ghazi Khan for the academic year 2013-14.
UAF undergraduate Admission Notice 2013-14 in all campuses
UAF undergraduate Admission Notice 2013-14 in all campuses

Sunday, September 22, 2013

Crop Classification based on Purpose in the Field

Posted by Unknown On Sunday, September 22, 2013

There are a number of different purposes and uses of the crops. The crops and cropping systems can be classified in a number of different ways based on a long list of categories. Previously we have discussed 'Botanical classification of plants' and 'Agronomic Use classification of the crops'. Now, we will discuss a classification of crops based on their use in the field in different cropping systems;
Crop Uses (cover)
Crop Classification based on Purpose in field (article cover)

UAAR Undergraduate Admissions Notice Fall-2013

Posted by Unknown On Sunday, September 22, 2013

Undergraduate and masters admission open in PMAS, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi.
UAAR Undergraduate Admissions Fall-2013 Notice
UAAR Undergraduate Admissions Fall-2013 Notice

Friday, September 20, 2013

Introduction to Agrometeorology in Pakistan

Posted by Unknown On Friday, September 20, 2013

Meterology is the word derived from ‘meteoro’ which means ‘above the surface of earth’ and ‘logos’ means ‘scientific study’. It is actually a branch of Physics and deals with the study of lower atmosphere. In short, it is the study of characteristics and behavior of atmosphere. It explains and analyses the changes of individual weather elements such as air pressure, temperature and humidity that are brought about due to the effect of insolation (radiation from the sun received by earth’s surface).
Weather monitoring device installed near an agricultural field
Weather monitoring device installed near an agricultural field

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Seed Sowing and Methods of Seed Sowing

Posted by Unknown On Thursday, September 19, 2013

Sowing (or seed sowing) is defined as the process of placing the seed in soil to germinate and grow into plant. 
In comparison, planting is the putting the plant propagules in soil for growing plants. Propagules can be seedlings, roots, tubers, leaves, or cuttings. 
And transplanting is term used for the planting the seedling grown into nursery to different field, pot or plot for different purposes.
Seed broadcasting by farmer
Seed Broadcasting by Farmer

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

BS Admissions Notice in Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Punjab University, Lahore

Posted by Unknown On Tuesday, September 17, 2013

BS Agriculture (04 year program) Admissions open in Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore.
BS Admissions Notice in IAGS, Punjab University, Lahore
BS Admissions Notice in IAGS, Punjab University, Lahore

Sunday, September 15, 2013

Production Technology of Wheat in Rainfed Areas of Punjab for 2013-14

Posted by Unknown On Sunday, September 15, 2013

Wheat is the most important cereal crop in Pakistan and staple food. Wheat has a large share of cultivated land in rabi season and hence large production is expected. The seed selected should be pure, healthy and free of disease. The seed should be bought from trusted sources, or the varieties approved by the local agriculture department should be used for sowing. The germination rate of seed should not be less than 85% or the seed rate should be increased accordingly.
Wheat field rainfed areas
Wheat field
For late sowing (pachaiti kasht), the seed should be increased to some extent because the germination rate is less in low temperature and less number of tiller form. The production of wheat is mainly from primary tiller, so in order to get sufficient produce in late sown crops, seed rate is increased to increase the number of primary tillers. In addition to this, increase in seed rate is also beneficial for the weed control, because in the presence of more wheat seedlings lesser number of weeds will be able to grow.

TIME OF SOWING

Name of variety
Time of sowing
Suitable areas
Chakwal-50
Oct-15 to Nov-15
All rainfed areas of Punjab
NARC-2009
Oct-20 to Nov-15
All rainfed areas of Punjab
Baras-2009
Oct-20 to Nov-15
All rainfed areas of Punjab
Dhurabi-2011
Oct-20 to Nov-15
All rainfed areas of Punjab

SEED TREATMENT FOR DISEASES

Wheat has a number of prominent diseases like rust, smut and kernel bunt are more damaging. In the cropping season 2012-13, farmers had to face losses due to these diseases so they should use resistant seeds against these varieties. The seeds should also be treated with some fungicide before sowing.

SEEDBED PREPARATION

The field should be ploughed after the first monsoon rain with chisel or moldboard plow, so that the field is ploughed to considerable depth and later plank it. Then the field should be ploughed after every monsoon rain, this will store water in the soil as well as uproot the weeds. All the required fertilizers should be added to the soil 02 days before cultivation, the field should be ploughed and leveled so that wattar should reach the soil surface. All of the fertilizer should be added to the soil before seed sowing. Seed drill should be used for seed sowing.

SEED RATE

For all irrigated and rainfed areas of punjab
For sowing till Nov-20
50 kg per acre
The germination rate should not be less than 85% or the seed rate should be increased appropriately.
For sowing between Nov-21 to Dec-15
60 kg per acre
Number of tillers formed in Chakwal-50 is greater than other varieties, so the seedrate should be kept 5 kg lesser than the other varieties.

USE OF FERTILIZERS

Phosphorus is an essential element for wheat, it stimulates increase in the root length, provide strength to tillers, thickens the grain and stimulate immunity against many diseases. So the ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus should be 1:1.5, this means 1.5 bags of DAP and 1.5 bags of urea should be used. If phosphorus is used in lesser quantity, it weakens the plant, the plant remains green, the crop takes more time for ripening and the immunity against diseases also declines. So, the ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus is very important. It can guarantee an increase of about 5-10 mand per acre.
Table: Recommended quantities of the fertilizers for use in the rainfed areas according to the amount of rainfall in those areas.
Annual Rain
Annual rainfall
Nutrients (kg per acre)
Quantity to be used in field before sowing
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Potash
Low rainfall areas
(Rajanpur, Layyah, D.G Khan, Muzzafargarh, Mianwali and Khushab)
Less than 350 mm
12
23
23
1 bag DAP + ¾ bag Urea + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Or
2 ½ bags Single Super Phosphate (SSP) + 1 bag Urea + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Or
2 bags Nitrophos + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Moderate rainfall areas
(Chakwal, Pindi Gheb, Tila Ganng and Pind Dadan Khan)
350 - 500 mm
12
46
46
2 bags DAP + 1 bag Urea + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Or
5 bags Single Super Phosphate (SSP) + 2 bags Urea + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Or
4 bags Nitrophos + ½ bag potassium sulfate
High rainfall areas
(Rawalpindi, Attack, Jehlum, Narowal, Gujrat, Sohawa, Khariyaan and Shakargarh)
More than 500 mm
12
46
46
2 bags DAP + 1 bag Urea + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Or
5 bags Single Super Phosphate (SSP) + 2 bags Urea + ½ bag potassium sulfate
Or
4 bags Nitrophos + ½ bag potassium sulfate

GREEN MANURES

Green and organic manures are very important for a healthy crop stand. If animal dung is available during the time of field preparation, then 8-10 tons per acre (800-1000 kg) should be used. Another option is green manuring, if time is available than some legume crop should be sown in the field and at time of flowering it should be ploughed into the soil, this will increase the organic matter contents of the soil to great levels. Green manuring with leguminous crops should be only done once in three years.

WEEDING

Weed eradication from the field is one of the methods to increase the production from the same piece of land. According to an estimate, wheat production can be increased 14-42% if the weeds are properly eradicated from the field. Following strategies can be opted for weed management;

1. HIGH SEEDRATE

If the seed rate is high, it means there will be more plants per acre and more competition for the weeds and less nutrients for them. So the weeds can lose in this competition.

2. BAR HARROW

If it rains withing 18-20 days of sowing, then bar harrow should be used twice in the field. It is one of the best methods of weed control. Wattar condition also prolongs if such method is followed.

3. HOEING

Manual weeding with khurpa and kasola in the dry field is also very effective method in controlling the weeds but only if enough labor is available.

PRODUCTION OF PURE SEED FOR FUTURE USE

Each farmer should try to produce his own seed for future use. And to get pure, healthy and quality seed, the farmer should follow these instructions carefully;
1. Only the recommended varieties should be cultivated.
2. Plants of other varieties should be uprooted from the field.
3. Plant with smut disease should be uprooted; put in some bags and removed from the wheat field. Such plants should be buried in the soil away from the cultivated lands.
4. Irrigation and fertilizer requirements of the fields intended for seed production should be fulfilled at all times and at all cost.
5. Different varieties of wheat should be cultivated in different plots.
6. The thresher should be cleaned before and after threshing of every different variety of wheat to maintain varietal purity.
7. Name of the variety should be written on the bags.
8. The moisture contents of the seeds for storage should not be more than 10%.
9. Seed should be stored in well lighted and ventilated storehouse.