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  • Pakistan Agriculture and Farming Cover

    Welcome to PakAgriFarming

    PakAgriFarming is commited to high standards in extension of agriculture in Pakistan through simple and factual information and topics related to the hottest issues in Pakistan Agriculture.

  • Approved cotton varieties for Punjab 2014

    کپاس کی کاشت کے لیے موزوں اقسام

    پنجاب میں کپاس کی کاشت کا آغاز ہو نے والا ہے اور پیشتر علاقوں میں میں رنیع کی فصل کی برداشت کا وقت قرہب ہے۔ اس لیے بروقت کپاس کے بیج کا انتخاب اچھی پیداوار حاصل کرنے کی طرف پہلا قدم ہے۔۔۔

  • Introduction, characteristics and objectives of tillage

    Intoduction and Objectives of Tillage

    Tillage is the primary requirement before any cropping activity. Perhaps, if one is ignorant about tillage, he knows nothing about farming. So, let's look into a brief intro...

  • The Next 10 Years of Tunnel Farming in Pakistan

    The Next 10 Years of Tunnel Farming in Pakistan

    It's been 10 years since the introduction of tunnel farming in Pakistan, the conversion rate has been slow but are there any chance of rapid growth of tunnel farming in Pakistan? Let's disover...

  • Wheat Production Technology for Rainfed Areas of Punjab for 2013-14

    Wheat Production Technology for Rainfed Areas of Punjab for 2013-14

    Wheat is the most important cereal crop in Pakistan and staple food. Wheat has a large share of cultivated land in rabi season and hence large production is expected...

PakAgriFarming

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Classification of Plant Diseases

Posted by Unknown On Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Diseases in plants can be caused by a number of pathogens and almost all plant species. Therefore, it is difficult to classify plant disease based on one factor only. So plant diseases can be classified in many ways based on the factors involved in the disease inciting (viz., susceptible host, parasite and environment). Plant diseases can be classified as;
Leaf yellowing of Malvastrum sp. (viral disease)

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Plant Disease Inciting Agents

Posted by Unknown On Tuesday, January 29, 2013

The plants in nature are exposed to a number of parasites and pathogens. The distinction of parasite and pathogen must be very clear in mind before distinguishing disease causing organisms from other micro organisms living on and getting nutrition from the host. 
Grass smut grown on MEA medium

Friday, January 25, 2013

Medicinal Value of Mushrooms

Posted by Unknown On Friday, January 25, 2013


If we go into the history we will find many types of uses of mushrooms but our focus will be in the medicine. So here we will present an account of the medicinal value of the mushrooms.
Agaricus muscarius

Disease Triangle and Concept of Plant Disease

Posted by Unknown On Friday, January 25, 2013

Disease is simply defined as the going away of the normal condition of health. In plants, disease is associated with a set of symptoms of the disease and sometimes there are associated signs of the disease. 
Many authors have tried to define disease in plants and they have defined it differently. But disease can be defined in a comprehensive manner as; 
Disease Triangle of Plant Pathology

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Kingdom Fungi and PhytoPathology - A Unique Perspective

Posted by Unknown On Thursday, January 24, 2013

INTRODUCTION 
This article emphasises on the classification of the Fungi and Fungi-like organisms (FLOs) into phyla of a single kingdom Fungi. But the approach here is different from others; since the focus will b on the classification of fungi as well as the diseases caused by each group. Here you will get to know about the type of spore, sporangia and fruiting body as well as major diseases and the pathogens of the diseases. At the end there is a glossary of a few terms is added to help clear some of the concepts regarding growth habitat. 

Monday, January 21, 2013

Medicinal Mushrooms and their History of Use

Posted by Unknown On Monday, January 21, 2013

Mushrooms are typical spore producing fruiting bodies produced by major groups of fungi. Mushrooms serve in spore dispersal of the fungus. Although mushrooms are characteristic for the phylum Basidiomycota but some Ascomycetes also produce spores. 
Some of these mushrooms are fascinating, others have many stories associated with them, some are edible and some other are so toxic that even a bite can kill human. 
Ganoderma lucidum (A Medicinal Mushroom)

Saturday, January 19, 2013

PakAgriFarming News Week vol. 03 (06-01-2013 to 12-01-2013)

Posted by Unknown On Saturday, January 19, 2013


Top Story

Textile Sector facing 300 million loss daily

Punjab is facing worst energy crisis situation where industries have been denied of electricity and gas due to shortage basis.

PakAgriFarming News Week Vol. 03 (Cover)

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Agriculture Marketing Problems in Pakistan and their possible Solutions

Posted by Unknown On Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Agriculture marketing is a discipline of intensive interest and research. This field directly relates agriculture and economics and is most important in terms of farm resources, inputs and outputs of growing crops and marketing them. The structure of agricultural markets is very traditional and has many flaws, which can not be overlooked. In this article I will present an account of some of the worst problems in agriculture marketing of Pakistan and at the same time suggesting some possible solutions.
Wheat Trucks reaching Market

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Koch's Postulates and their present Modifications

Posted by Unknown On Tuesday, January 15, 2013


In 1884, Robert Koch and Friedrich Loeffler tried to define criteria for identification of any pathogen associated with a particular disease in living organisms. These postulates were further refined by Koch and published in 1890. Koch, primarily set these postulates to establish the association of Bacillus anthracis with the anthrax of cattle. And he also established that tuberculosis in human is caused by a different species of bacteria. 
Koch's postulate is being followed for leaf spots of rice (Oryza sativa)

Saturday, January 12, 2013

PakAgriFarming News Week vol. 02 (30-12-2012 to 05-01-2013)

Posted by Unknown On Saturday, January 12, 2013

Top Story

Cotton Markets stable despite Energy Crisis


The continued cuts in the supply of electricity and gas to the cotton mills will result in collapse of cotton industry: PCGA.

PakAgriFarming News Week vol. 02 (Cover)

Friday, January 11, 2013

Classification of Markets and Market Functionaries in Pakistan

Posted by Unknown On Friday, January 11, 2013


Agriculture marketing is an old science of business. In the history of its evolution in Pakistan, there has been some improvement brought about by evolution of communication and better crop yields through efforts of our agriculture scientist. As far as the markets are concerned, agriculture markets can be divided into 3 main categories;
1. Primary Markets
2. Secondary Markets
3. Terminal Markets
A rice mill

Thursday, January 10, 2013

Introduction to Moringa oleifera (Sohanjana)

Posted by Unknown On Thursday, January 10, 2013


Moringa oleifera (synonym: Moringa pterygosperma) is a species of genus Moringa and family Moringacae. It is found in many countries all over the world and native of subtropical areas like Pakistan and India. It is known because of its nutritious and its seed oil, also called Ben oil. It is a tree having average height of 8 m. In Pakistan its common name is 'Sohanjana' or 'Sanjana' and found frequently in southern Punjab and it is also considered the origin of Moringa plant.
A young plant of Moringa oleifera

Wednesday, January 09, 2013

Agri Marketing and its Current Status in Pakistan

Posted by Unknown On Wednesday, January 09, 2013


Agricultural marketing involves all services that are employed in moving an agricultural produce from farm to the consumer and includes planning, sowing, harvesting, picking, grading, transporting, storage and processing, distribution, marketing and selling etc.
Farmers threshing and Packing wheat grains

Sunday, January 06, 2013

Introduction to Weed Management Strategies

Posted by Unknown On Sunday, January 06, 2013


Weeds are the unwanted plants in a community of plant aka crops or some recreational place or any other place where they are not desired and they are as harmful and devastating for crops as the diseases so their management is a must step in a healthy crop stand. Practically there are three ways for weed management in agriculture in regard to the crop stand.
1. Prevention
2. Control
3. Eradication
A farmer plowing the field to uproot weeds and prepare to sow next crop

Saturday, January 05, 2013

Amazing Benefits of Orange

Posted by Unknown On Saturday, January 05, 2013

1. Strengthens Immune System
2. Prevent Artheriosclerosis
3. Prevent High Blood Pressure
4. Cancer Fighter
5. Healthy Bones
6. Improves mood

Friday, January 04, 2013

Introduction and History of Plant Pathology

Posted by Unknown On Friday, January 04, 2013


Plant Pathology is a practical discipline which focuses on the study of the diseases of plants, disease causing organisms, the mechanisms by which they cause disease and ways to manage or control these diseases and minimize the damage caused to plants.
Every year around 40 percent of world food is lost due to disease, post-harvest losses, insects and weeds. And out of these around 14.1 percent losses are due to plant diseases. This ratio may seem small but the losses account about 220 billion US dollars annually (according to a 2003 survey).
Root galls due to nematode infection

Tuesday, January 01, 2013

PakAgriFarming News Weekly vol. 01 (23-12-2012 to 29-12-2012)

Posted by Unknown On Tuesday, January 01, 2013

Agriculture Marketing Jobs in Capricorn Associates' Agrochemical Division

Posted by Unknown On Tuesday, January 01, 2013


Agriculturists required in Capricorn Associates' agrochemical division for sales and telemarketing.
1. Regional Sales Manager / Zonal Manager
2. Area Manager
3. Telemarketing Coordinator
Apply within seven days of this ad. i.e., 05-01-2013
Read the ad for more details: